Home About GTI History

Inception (1990 - 1991)


1990 -  the idea of developing the Tumen area to a golden triangle proposed at the Conference on Northeast Asian Economic and Technical Cooperation, held in Jilin Province, China;


1991 - UNDP proposed financial support to a technical cooperation programme to promote economic cooperation in the Tumen area; it  was accepted by the countries, initiating the preparatory processes of the Tumen River Area Development Programme (TRADP) - predecessor of GTI;

TRADP (1991 - 2005)


1991 - TRADP launched by UNDP as a regional cooperation programme;


1995 - initial five member countries (China, DPRK, Mongolia, ROK & Russia)  signed agreements on the establishment of the TRADP Consultative Commission at Vice-Minister level;


1998 - Tumen Secretariat founded in Beijing under the UNDP;

2005 - member countries agreed to extend the initial 1995 Agreements for another ten years, and committed to demonstrate national ownership; TRADP was renamed as the GTI with an expanded geographic coverage to the Greater Tumen Region, and the five priority sectors (Transport, Tourism, Energy, Investment & Environment) were identified for future cooperation;


GTI (2006 - 2012)


2007 – 2010: intergovernmental Boards/ Committee in the five sectors (Transport Board, Tourism Board, Trade Facilitation Committee, Energy Board and Environmental Board) were created to coordinate specific sectoral cooperation activities and projects;

2008 - GTI Common Fund was created as a UNDP Trust Fund to finance the operation of the Secretariat, contributed by the members;

2010 - the process of transforming the GTI towards becoming an independent legal entity started;

2011 - NEA Local Cooperation Committee was established among NEA local governments to strengthen local economic cooperation and central - local coordination;


2012 - the Association of GTI EXIM/ development banks was created as a developmeng financing mechanism to support future projects.